Mutual insecurity is a primary driver of the Nagorny Karabakh conflict and a dominant factor in contemporary Armenian-Azerbaijani relations. The current peace proposal, known as the Madrid Principles, addresses the issue of insecurity through the envisaged deployment of an international peacekeeping operation, as part of a wider security package. This would be implemented alongside other key measures in the Madrid Principles, which have been the focus of discussion in the “Karabakh Contact Group” - a platform for collaborative thinking on issues facing the Armenian-Azerbaijani peace process, facilitated by Conciliation Resources (for more background information, please see: http://www.c-r.org/featured-work/karabakh-contact-group). This discussion paper identifies a number of security challenges, and considers possible responses on the basis of international experience.
This publication was made possible by the generous support of the European Union, through the “European Partnership for the Peaceful Settlement of the Conflict over Nagorno-Karabakh (EPNK)”.